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LC: To use the knowledge of root words to understand the meaning of words.

A root word is a basic word with no prefix or suffix added to it. 

By adding prefixes and suffixes to a root word we can change its meaning.

We can use our knowledge of root words to help us to understand unfamiliar words.
We can also use other reading strategies, such as reading around the word to find meaning. 
Matilda by Roald Dahl

There are some words in the text above that have root words. 

In order to find the meaning of the word, first I need to understand what the root word means.

See the table below:

Word Meaning Root word
disgusting

strongly disliking or disapprove of something

disgust

 

toughness

strong  and determined

tough

 

curiously 

eager to know or learn something

curious
unpleasant

un = not 

pleasant = pleasing or friendly 

not friendly

pleasant 
hatred

really dislike 

hate

 

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Your task

Read this section of Matilda by Roald Dahl

She had to stand on her toes and reach up as high as she could with a walking stick, in order to unhook the hat of the peg.

Matilda holding the hat in one hand and a thin tube of Superglue in the other, proceeded to squeeze a line of glue very neatly all around the rim of the hat. Then she carefully, hooked the hat back on to the peg with the walking stick. She timed this operation very carefully, applying the glue just as her father was getting up from the breakfast table.

Look at the table above to help you.

If there is a prefix think about what that means and how it changes the meaning of the word.

Use the root word to explain the meaning of:

Word Meaning Root word
neatly

 

 

 
carefully

 

 

 
unhook

 

 

 
timed

 

 

 
applying

 

 

 

 

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