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Phase 2 & 3

Phase 2

In Phase 2 children are introduced to each written letter (grapheme) and the sound (phoneme) that they make. They use their knowledge to merge sounds together (blend) to help them to read words. Children will also learn to chop (segment) words up to help them to write simple words. The children love to use their robot arms to help them.



  Blending for reading words              s-a-t = sat           


  Sementing for spelling words            pin = p-i-n




This video will you to help understand blending.


Phase 3

In Phase 3 children will use their knowledge of blending and segmenting and will learn some new letters. These new sounds are two (digraph) or three (trigraph) letters merged together to make one sound.


sh-o-p = shop

        t-ai-l = tail        

n-igh-t = night



Tricky words

Children also need to learn the Phase 2 and 3 tricky words. These are words that need be learned as a whole.

Don't forget to practise your tricky words on your spelling homework card.


Here are some words and sentences for you to read.