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Phase 2 & 3

Phase 2

In Phase 2 children are introduced to phonemes (sounds) and graphemes (the way we write the sounds).  They use this knowledge to merge sounds together (blend) to help them to read words and chop words up (segment) to help them to write simple words. The children love to use their robot arms and voices to help them.



  Blending for reading words              s-a-t = sat           


  Segmenting for spelling words            pin = p-i-n




This video explains blending.


Phase 3

In Phase 3 children will apply their knowledge of blending and segmenting to read simple sentences and will learn some new phonemes (sounds) and graphemes (the way we write the sounds). These new phonemes are two (digraph) or three (trigraph) letters merged together to make one sound.


sh-o-p = shop

        t-ai-l = tail        

n-igh-t = night



Tricky words

Children also need to learn the Phase 2 and 3 tricky words. These are words that need be learned as a whole.

Don't forget to practise your tricky words on your spelling homework card.