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Reading Two

Please complete the RIC before moving onto the main learning.

Tuesday 29th September 2020

LC: To use suffixes to understand the meaning of words.

Adding the suffix -ous

suffix is a letter or a group of letters that can be added to a word to change its meaning.

  • Adding the suffix -ous turns a noun into an adjective. It means 'full of'.

'Dangerous' means 'full of danger'.

  • When you add -ous to a word ending with 'e', drop the 'e'.

'Adventure' becomes 'adventurous'.

  • When you add -ous to a word ending in 'y', replace the 'y' with 'i'.

'Fury' becomes 'furious'.

  • When you add -ous to a word that ends with 'our', 'our' becomes 'or', then add -ous.

'Humour' becomes 'humorous'.

Sometimes you can clearly tell what the root word is so we follow the usual rules for adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters.

 

Adding Suffixes Beginning with Vowel letters

The -e at the end of a root word is dropped before adding any suffix beginning with a vowel letter.

For example:

Carnivore + ous = carnivorous

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When a word ends with a vowel and y keep the y.

For example:

joy + ous = joyous

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When a word ends in a consonant and y, change the y to i before the suffix -ous is added.

For example:

victory + ous = victorious

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If none of the other rules apply we just add -ous onto the ending. 

For example:

poison + ous = poisonous

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Adding the ly suffix

Adding the suffix -ly

Suffixes are letters that can be added to the end of words to change their meaning.

  • Adding the suffix -ly, turns an adjective into an adverb

'nice' becomes 'nicely'

  • If the word ends with 'y', the 'y' becomes an 'i', and then add -ly

'happy' becomes 'happily'

  • If the word ends with 'le', drop the 'le' and add -ly

'terrible' becomes 'terribly'

Add the correct suffixes to these words and put them into the correct column.

 

 

 

courage             rigour            final          immediate

 

instant             merry             fury             humour

 

fame               sudden

Now write a sentence for each of the words in the table above
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