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In Geography, we aim to provide opportunities to develop children's sense of wonder at the beauty and scale of the world. To promote citizenship, we aim to develop children's knowledge and understanding of national, regional, religious and ethnic identities in the UK and the wider world. To enable children to understand the social and cultural influences on their lives, we aim to provide opportunities for children to discuss and reflect upon social, political, economic and environmental issues.


Their learning will include the use of geographical vocabulary, enquiry skills, fieldwork skills, mapping, questioning, the use of photographs and the study of places in the UK and the wider world. To ensure the children have a wide range of experiences, trips and visitors are included as often as possible. The outdoor environment and local area around school will be used frequently to embed and increase their subject knowledge.


Children in Early Years Foundation Stage have already begun to develop their understanding of the world by talking a walk in the local environment using maps to find simple features such as houses, shops, roads, pavements, bus stops and places of worship.

Year 1

Children in Year 1 have begun to look for human and physical features of Burnley using maps and aerial photographs. They have been to Hurstwood where they walked through the woods, up the hill to the reservoir. They also visited the local church. With this experience, the children have been able to compare the features of Stoneyholme with those they saw on their journey to Hurstwood.

Year 1 Hurstwood trip

Still image for this video

Year 2

Children in Year 2 are going to build on their knowledge of the local environment by using simple compass directions to locate some of the physical and human features on maps. Words they will use include North, South, East and West. They will also use directional language learned in Maths including right and left, quarter, half and full turn, clockwise and anti-clockwise.

Children in Year 2 are linking their learning in Computing with Geography. They have been learning that programs need precise instructions and applying their knowledge of compass directions. They have revisited their learning about the countries of the UK from Year 1, extended their learning by naming the continents of the world and have been challenged to describe the direction of travel from the Antarctic to Europe.

It looks like the children are having lots of fun exploring continents of the world in their Geography Zone.

Year 3

Children in Year 3 have begun to identify counties and cities in the UK. They have used photographs, maps and digital mapping technology to locate areas within Lancashire so they can describe some of the key human and physical features. Words they know include hills, mountains, rivers and coasts.

Year 4

Children in Year 4 have begun to use maps and atlases to locate countries in Europe. They have made comparisons between Lancashire and a small area in Italy, understanding the similarities and differences between human and physical features of each area including the mountains and coasts. They have also begun to understand the key aspects of volcanoes.

Year 5

Children in Year 5 will build on this locational knowledge by focusing their learning on the countries and cities of South America. They will use maps, atlases and aerial photographs to describe some of the key human and physical features of Brazil, understanding the geographical similarities and differences between this region and a small area of the UK. They will describe key aspects of human geography including settlements, land use, economic activity and trade.

Year 6

Children in Year 6 have begun to identify the position and significance of longitude, latitude, Prime Meridian, Greenwich Mean Time and time zones. They have developed their understanding of global citizenship by calculating the times of different cities around the globe.