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Read through the following text twice before trying to answer the questions.


The slave trade began with Portuguese (and some Spanish) traders, taking mainly enslaved West African (and some Central African) people to the American colonies they had conquered in the 15th century. British sailors became involved in the trade in the 16th century and their involvement increased in the 18th century when the Treaty of Utrecht (1713) gave them the right to sell enslaved people in the Spanish Empire. The slave trade made a great deal of profit for those who sold and exchanged enslaved people. Therefore, they often ignored the fact it was inhuman and unfair.

Between 1532 and 1832, at least 12 million African people were enslaved and taken to the Americas, and at least a third of them were taken in British ships.



Now you have read it twice, have a go at answering the following questions independently.


  1. Who did the slave trade begin with?
  2. When did British sailors become involved?
  3. What gave them the right to sell slaves in Spain?
  4. What two things did they ignore?
  5. How many people were enslaved between 1532 and 1832?
  6. Did the slave trade make lots of money?
  7. What word in the text means the same as debateable?


Home learners please could you take a photo of your answered questions and email it to Mr Hindman on Purple Mash.